Study Guide

The Restoration and Eighteenth Century (1660-1798)

1. To what event in English history does the term restoration refer?

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2. What was mainly responsible for the desire for stability that characterized and dominated the Restoration period?

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3. What legacy of the Puritan revolution is shown in the following two acts of the Restoration:  the expulsion of James II and the passage of a parliamentary act requiring that the British sovereign be Protestant?

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4. Describe the social division around which England's two-party system began to emerge.

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5. Which party was dominant during most of the eighteenth century, and what does this dominance indicate?

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6. Defend the statement that the growing power of Parliament in the eighteenth century did not represent a growth in participatory democracy in England.

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7. Two major disasters occurred during the reign of Charles II.  Identify the disasters and their dates, and explain the change that the later disaster initiated.

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8. Why has this period been called "the Age of Reason"?

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9. Describe how the literaacy of the growing middle class affected the situation of writers during this period.

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10. This age can be divided into three literary periods.  Name and briefly describe each period.

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