Study Guide Odyssey Test

Athena - Greek goddess of wisdom, crafts, and war; also called Pallas Athena

Laertes - Odysseus' father

Odysseus - king of Ithaca and hero of the Odyssey

Telemachus - son of Odysseus and Penelope

Zeus - ruler of the gods and goddesses on Mt. Olympus

Circe - beautiful  witch-goddess who transformed Odysseus' men into beasts

Polyphemus - a Cyclops, son of Poseidon

Poseidon - Greek god of the sea; identified with the Roman god Neptune

Cyclopes -Cyclops - member of a race of one-eyed giants

Charybdis - a whirlpool in the Straits of Messina, personified as a female monster

Scylla - a dangerous rock in the Straits of Messina, personified as a female monster with six heads

Achilles - Greek hero in the Trojan war

Antinous - an Ithacan noble, most arrogant of the suitors

Calypso - beautiful sea-nymph , who kept Odysseus on her island for seven years

Eurycleia - Penelope's servant and Odysseus' old nurse

Penelope - Odysseus' wife

Hades - the god of the underworld

Teiresias - blind prophet in underworld

Lotus-eaters - land where Odysseus' men eat flowers and forget about retruning home

Hermes - Messenger of the gods

laurel - branch from a bush used to reward a victor

Homer - author of the Iliad and the Odyssey

Ithaca - Odysseus' home, an island off the western coast of Greece

Sirens - sea nymphs who lured sailors to destruction with their songs

bow - Odysseus' special weapon which no one but Odysseus could string

Helios - in early Greek mythology, the sun god

Hera - the wife of Zeus who constantly was looking for her husband

Menelaus - the son of Atreus and brother of Agamemnon was married to Helen

Wooden Horse - trick conjured up by Odysseus to get his men into the city of Troy

Tantalus - son of Zeus and king of Sipylos who was favored by the gods and invited to share their food

Nausicaa - daughter of Alcinous and Arete, King of Phaeacians

Laestrygonians - race of man-eating giants

Phaeacians - seafarers and traders from Phaeacia

Polytheism - worshipping many god

Use of Myths  to explain natural phenomena

Iliad and Odyssey used to teach Greek Ideals to young boys

  Vocabulary:

formidable-causing fear

supplication-humble prayer or request

grapple-struggle

mortify-humiliate

restitution-payment

rebuke-to scold

titanic-large

guile-cleverness

maudlin-overly sentimental

suffice-to be enough

Greek Roots: Prefixes and Suffixes

Mono - one

penta - five

photo - light

psycho - mind

chrono - time

hydro - water

tele - distance

auto - self

kilo - thousand

deca - ten

graph - writing, written

logy - science of or study of

phone - sound or voice

sphere - globe

scope - instrument for viewing