Review Class for test on: The Medieval Period
-a morality play from the fifteenth century
- Allegory: a device used in a narative by which objects, incidents or people are represented to the audience by means of personification or symbolism.
-Main characters: Death, Everyman, Goods, Good Deeds, and Fellowship.
- Personified Abstraction: giving human qualities to abstract ideas.
-Messenger introduces the play.
-Moral: one must eventually pay the price.
-Everyman is allegorical in that he represents each one of us.
-The notion that life is merely a journey was a common medieval image.
- Everyman wants more time so that he can get his accounts in order.
- Two loves available to Everyman are contrasted: love of worldly possessions and love of God.
- Theme: God alone endures!
"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight"
-Gawain includes the basic characteristics of a medieval romance:
1. Opens at a feast (rides into the banquet)
2. Involves a challenge (a stroke to be returned by a stroke after one year and one day)
3. Tells the adventures of a young hero (Gawain looking for the Green Knight)
4. Involves supernatural elements (Green Knight continues to talk after his head is chopped off)
5. Teaches the hero a moral lesson (always tell all of the truth-wife's kiss)
6. Includes woman or women as a temptation (Green knight's wife)
7. Shows the cyclical qualities of nature (one year and one day)
- Gawain associates the Green Knight with the devil who is believed to tempt good people from grace.
-Green belt is given to Gawain to protect him.
"Le Morte Darthur"
-Chivalric tale often begins with an injustice that must be rectified. It is customary for followers to avenge a
-Griflet is a young impetuous adventurer who wishes to be knighted so that he can test his prowess.
- Pellinore embodies the moral code of knighthood: he is concerned about the wounds of his opponent.
-Chivalric code requires that battle be fair.
-Lady of the Lake gives Arthur a new sword: Excaliber
-Enchanted Scabbard is a typical supernatural element in a chivalric romance.
"Sir Patrick Spens"
-In Middle Ages sailing during stormy weather was very dangerous.
- Sir Patrick Spens is the ideal medieval vassal (he immediately follows his king's orders.
-The appearance of the moon is an evil omen.
-Tragedy is a common ending of folk ballads.
"Get Up and Bar the Door"
-Setting: Medieval homes were cold and damp and warmed by fires. Most of their heat was lost up the chimney.
-Conflict: First to talk loses and must get up and bar the door.
-Theme: Ageless struggle of marital life.
-New element added to the contest of wills: the two strangers.
-Strangers finally provoke the old man into speaking.
-Even though strangers threaten the couple, the wife if jubilant that her husband has lost control first.
-King Arthur: ruler of Camelot
-Guinevere: Princess of Leoness.
-Lancelot: First knight
-Camelot: land of justice and peace
-Malagant: traitor to the court of King Arthur; represents evil stuggle for power.
-Chivalric ideals: rescue damsels in distress, fight fairly, come to the help of the weak, honor, courage and