Review Class for test on: The Medieval Period

"Everyman"

          -a morality play from the fifteenth century

          - Allegory: a device used in a narative by which objects, incidents or people are represented to the audience by                          means of personification or symbolism.

          -Main characters: Death, Everyman, Goods, Good Deeds, and Fellowship.

          - Personified Abstraction: giving human qualities to abstract ideas.

          -Messenger introduces the play.

          -Moral: one must eventually pay the price.

          -Everyman is allegorical in that he represents each one of us.

          -The notion that life is merely a journey was a common medieval image.

          - Everyman wants more time so that he can get his accounts in order.

          - Two loves available to Everyman are contrasted: love of worldly possessions and love of God.

          - Theme: God alone endures!

"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight"

          -Gawain includes the basic characteristics of a medieval romance:

                      1. Opens at a feast (rides into the banquet)

                      2. Involves a challenge (a stroke to be returned by a stroke after one year and one day)

                      3. Tells the adventures of a young hero (Gawain looking for the Green Knight)

                      4. Involves supernatural elements (Green Knight continues to talk after his head is chopped off)

                      5. Teaches the hero a moral lesson (always tell all of the truth-wife's kiss)

                      6. Includes woman or women as a temptation (Green knight's wife)

                      7. Shows the cyclical qualities of nature (one year and one day)

          - Gawain associates the Green Knight with the devil who is believed to tempt good people from grace.

          -Green belt is given to Gawain to protect him.

"Le Morte Darthur"

         -Chivalric tale often begins with an injustice that must be rectified.  It is customary for followers to avenge a       

                     knight's death.

        -Griflet is a young impetuous adventurer who wishes to be knighted so that he can test his prowess.

        - Pellinore embodies the moral code of knighthood: he is concerned about the wounds of his opponent.

        -Chivalric code requires that battle be fair.

        -Lady of the Lake gives Arthur a new sword: Excaliber

        -Enchanted Scabbard is a typical supernatural element in a chivalric romance.

"Sir Patrick Spens"

         -In Middle Ages sailing during stormy weather was very dangerous.

         - Sir Patrick Spens is the ideal medieval vassal (he immediately follows his king's orders.

         -The appearance of the moon is an evil omen.

         -Tragedy is a common ending of folk ballads.

"Get Up and Bar the Door"

         -Setting: Medieval homes were cold and damp and warmed by fires.  Most of their heat was lost up the chimney.

         -Conflict: First to talk loses and must get up and bar the door.

         -Theme: Ageless struggle of marital life.

         -New element added to the contest of wills: the two strangers.

         -Strangers finally provoke the old man into speaking.

         -Even though strangers threaten the couple, the wife if jubilant that her husband has lost control first.

"First Knight"

         -King Arthur: ruler of Camelot

         -Guinevere: Princess of Leoness.

         -Lancelot: First knight

         -Camelot: land of justice and peace

         -Malagant: traitor to the court of King Arthur; represents evil stuggle for power.

         -Chivalric ideals: rescue damsels in distress, fight fairly, come to the help of the weak, honor, courage and     

           courtesy.